Petroleum and its derivative products—fuel, oil, plastics, and so on—are some of the most valuable substances on earth. Each day, the refineries that process crude oil produce gallons upon gallons of products for the entire world to use. It is hard and laborious work, for both personnel and the machines they operate. So taxing is the job of refining crude oil that machine malfunctions and failures are not unheard of, prompting workers to shut down their operations to fix the problems at hand.
Like any manufacturing or fabricating plant, refineries, too, need to take a break for maintenance purposes. These planned shutdowns are called turnarounds. While turnarounds are great opportunities for refineries to address any issues they might be experiencing, they can raise a lot of trouble on their own if not managed properly.